The Golden Gate on the eastern wall of the Temple Mount (Harām al-Sharīf), is a splendid architectural ornament of Jerusalem. Built by Justinian in the sixth century, and restored and decorated by the Umayyad Caliphs in the seventh, it rests atop the ruins of the Shushan (Susa) Gate from Herod’s temple mount. The gate originally allowed access to the city, but was sealed in the sixteenth century for defensive purposes. Many messianic legends are associated with the gate. Today a Muslim cemetery is located along the eastern wall of the Temple Mount.